At present, there is neither a vaccine nor a medication against Ebola. Patients are now treated for their symptoms: they are administered, among other things, fluids, salts and antipyretics. The sooner they are treated, the greater their chances of survival.
Given the gravity of the epidemic, the World Health Organisation has announced that experimental treatments and vaccines may be used provided that certain ethical criteria are met.
At the moment, two vaccines are being tested in humans. Ebola patients also receive experimental treatment and medicines are being tested. Not only new medicines are concerned: existing medicines are also used to treat Ebola (more information can be found at: http://www.who.int/medicines/emp_ebola_q_as/en/).
Provisional data of a research study conducted in Guinea and using the antiviral product favipiravir show a fall in mortality rates. This was mainly observed in patients in an early stage of illness, with a limited amount of virus particles in their blood.